Friday, March 11, 2005

Syllabus UGC NET History

Important Note: This following syllabus is of 2002 June. The contents of the syllabus is same but there is change in the allocation of topics and sections of examination. The candidate has to prepare on the topics for subjective as well as objective i.e. Paper II and Paper III, which remain same.

The details, elboration and questions have been formed on the basis of the contents of this syllabus. They are valid for the present/Latest syllabus also.

The syllabus 2002 follows:


1.1 Concepts, Ideas and Terms
Sangam Age.
Viragal (Hero-stone)
Sabha Samiti

Maharashtra dharma

Economic Nationalism
Indian Renaissance
Economic Drain
Filtration Theory
Forward Policy
Doctrine of Lapse

Ancient Indian History

2.1 Sources
2.1.1 Archaeological sources: exploration, excavation, Epigraphy, numismatics, monuments
2.1.2 Literary sources:
Indigenous: Brahmanical, Buddhist and Jain literature, Kavya literature, Historical Kavyas, Scientific literature, Literature in regional languages.
Foreign Accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.
2.2 Pre-history and Proto-history
2.2.1 Stone age cultures of India: Paleolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Iron Age cultures.
2.2.2. Indus Valley Civilization: Origin, date, extent, Characteristics , contents, decline and survivals.
2.3 Vedic Period
Migrations and settlements, date of the Rigveda, literary and archaeological evidences, evolution of social and political institutions, religious and philosophical ideas and practices, literature.
2.4 Period of Mahajanapadas
Sixteen Mahajanapadas, Republican States, rise of urban centers, trade routes and economic growth, introduction of currency, origin and spread of Jainism and Buddhism, rise of Magadha, Iranian and Mecedonean Invasions.
2.5 Mauryan Empire
Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Kautilya and the Arthashastra, Ashoka, concept of Dhamma, Edicts, Brahmi and Kharosthi scripts, administration, economy, art, disintegration of the empire, Sungas and Kanvas.
2.6 Post-Mauryan and Kushana Period
Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kahatrapas, contact with outside world, growth of urban centres, economy, coinage, development of religions, Mahayana sect, social conditions, art and architecture, literature and science.
2.7 Early States in Eastern India, Deccan and South India
Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age; economy, land grants and coinage, trade guilds, urbanization, Buddhist centres, Sangam literature, administration, art and architecture.
2.8. The Regional States
2.8.1. The Guptas and Vakatakas, Harsha: administration, Sanskrit literature, scientific literature, economic conditions, coinage of the Guptas, Varnashrama dharma, castes and sub-castes, position of women, education and educational institutions, contact with neighbouring countries, central Asia, South-east Asia and China, art and architecture.
2.8.2. The Kadambas, Gangas, Pallavas and the Chalukyas of Badami; administration, role of feudatory families, trade guilds, literature, growth of regional languages and scripts, growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhakti Movement, Institutions of temple and temple architecture.
2.9 The Rashtrakutas Prathiharas, Palas and Senas, Kalachuri-Chedis, Paramaras, Chahamanas, Chalukyas of Gujarat: Arab contacts, advent of the Turks, regional schools of architecture, religious sects and social conditions.
2.10 The Chalukyas of Kalyana, Hoysalas, Cholas, Pandyas, Administration and local Government, growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institutions of temples, and Mathas, Agraharas and Brahmadeyas, education and literature; economy and society; contact with Sri Lanka and South-east Asia.


3.1 Sources
3.1.1. Archaeological, epigraphic and numismatic materials and monuments.
3.1.2. Chronicles
3.1.3. Literary Sources: Persian, Sanskrit and regional languages.
3.1.4. Archival materials.
3.1.5. Foreign travellers accounts
3.2 Political Developments
3.2.1. The Sultanate : the Ghorids, the Turks, the Khaljis (Q&A 1), the Tughlaqas, the Sayyids and the Lodhis.
3.2.2. Foundation of the Mughal Empire: Babur, Humanyun and the Suris: expansion from Akbar to Aruangzeb
3.2.3. Decline of the Mughal empire: Political, administrative and economic causes.
3.2.4. Later Mughals and disintegration of the Mughal Empire.
3.2.5. The Vijayanagara and the Bahmanis: rise, expansion and disintegration.
3.2.6. The Maratha Movement: the foundation of Swaraj by Shivaji; its expansion under the Peshwas; Maratha Confederacy; causes of decline.
3.3 Administration
3.3.1. Administration under the Sultanate: civil, judicial, revenue, fiscal and military.
3.3.2. Sher Shah’s administrative reforms: Mughal administration: Land revenue and other sources of income; mansabdari and jagirdari
3.3.3. Administration system in the Deccan: the Vijayanagara, the Bahamanis and the Marathas; Malik Ambar’s revenue system.
3.4. Economic Aspects
3.4.1. Agricultural production: village economy: peasantry
3.4.2. Urbanisation: Urban centres and population
3.4.3. Industries: cotton textiles, handicrafts, agro-based industries; organisation, Karkhanas, technology.
3.4.4. Trade and Commerce: state policies, internal and external trade; European trade, trade centres and ports, transport and communication.
3.4.5. Financing trade, commerce and industries; Hundi and Insurance.
3.4.6. Currency
3.5. Socio-Religious Movements:
3.5.1. The Sufis: their orders, beliefs and practices, the leading Sufi Saints.
3.5.2. Bhakti cult: Shaivism and its branches: Vaishnavism and its branches.
3.5.3. The Saints of the medieval period: north and south; their impact on socio-political and religious life.
3.5.4. The Sikh movement: Guru Nanak Dev and his teachings and practices; Adi Granth; the Khalsa.
3.6. Society
3.6.1. Classification: ruling class, major religious groups, the mercantile and professional classes.
3.6.2. Rural society: petty chieftains, village officials, cultivators and non-cultivating classes, artisans
3.6.3. Position of women
3.7 Cultural life
3.7.1. Educational system and its motivations.
3.7.2. Literature: Persian, Sanskrit and Regional Languages.
3.7.3. Fine arts: major schools of painting; music.
3.7.4. Architectural development of the North and South India: Indo-Islamic architecture.


4.1 Sources
4.1.1. Archival materials, biographies and memoirs, newspapers and oral histories.
4.1.2. European traders in India in the 17th and 18th centuries: Portuguese, Dutch, French and the British.
4.1.3. The establishment, expansion and consolidation of British rule in India.
4.1.4. British relations with principal Indian powers: Bengal, Oudh, Nizam, Mysore, Marathas and Sikhs
4.2. Foreign Relations and Frontier Policy
4.2.1. Relations with Afghanistan and Persia
4.2.2. Relations with Burma
4.2.3. Relations with Nepal and Tibet
4.3. Administration under the East India Company and the Crown
4.3.1. Central and provincial administration under the East India Company and the Crown
4.3.2. Development of local self-government
4.3.3. Constitutional development since 1773
4.4. Economic Development and Policy
4.4.1. Trade and Commerce
4.4.2. Agricultural development and policy, land revenue administration, land tenures (Permanent Settlement, Roytwari, Mahalwari, Taluqdari and Malguzari Settlements) – Rural indebtedness.
4.4.3. Decline of indigenous industries.
4.4.4. Famines and famine policy
4.4.5. Industrial development and policy, labour and trade union movements.
4.4.6. Monetary policy – banking and currency
4.4.7. Growth of towns and cities.
4.5. Social Policy and Social Changes
4.5.1. Impact of British rule on Indian society, emergence of the middle class, caste movements.
4.5.2. Educational development and policy
4.5.3. Socio-religious reforms, emancipation of women
4.5.4. Press and public opinion
4.5.5. Western impact on Indian culture, literature, art, music and performing arts.
4.6. National Movement
4.6.1. Rise of Indian nationalism, social economic bases of nationalism
4.6.2. Revolt of 1857, civil rebellions, tribal movements.
4.6.3. Indian National Congress, ideologies, programmes
4.6.4. Moderates, extremists, revolutionaries in India and abroad.
4.6.5. Peasant movements
4.6.6. The Gandhian era, 1920-47
4.6.7. Genesis of Pakistan
4.6.8. Integration of Indian states
4.6.9. Constitution of India, 1950.

5.1 World History: Concepts, ideas and terms
5.1.1. Script
5.1.2. Life after death
5.1.3. Mother Goddess
5.1.4. Law codes
5.1.5. Athenian Democracy
5.1.6. Roman republic
5.1.7. Slavery in Ancient World.
5.1.8. Aristocracy
5.1.9. Confucianism
5.2.1. Feudalism
5.2.2. Humanism
5.2.3. Enlightened Despotism
5.2.4. Divine Right
5.2.5. Supremacy of Church
5.2.6. Holy Roman Empire
5.2.7. Social Contract and General Will
5.2.8. Nation States
5.2.9. Renaissance
5.2.10. Reformation
5.3.1. Non-alignment
5.3.2. Parliamentary Democracy
5.3.3. Totalitarianism
5.3.4. Commonwealth
5.3.5. White Man’s Burden
5.3.6. Socialism
5.3.7. Sphere of Influence
5.3.8. Racism
5.3.9. Rights of Man
5.3.10. International Peace
5.3.11. Nationalism

6.1 Research in History
6.1.1. Scope and purpose of History
6.1.2. Objectivity and bias in History
6.1.3. History and its ancillary sciences
6.2.1. Areas of research-proposed
6.2.2. Sources – Primary/secondary in the proposed area of research
6.2.3. Modern Historical Writing in his/her area research.
The Forthcoming Material:
In the next article which will be appear on March 14, 2005, I will discuss the source material which can be used to prepare the above syllabus.
From then onwards, a detailed note on selective topics will appear regularly. Kindly remain in touch. Wish you Good Luck.

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